Occupational Therapy Services
Occupational Therapy in the schools is a related service for children with disabilities. School-based OT's assess fine motor, visual motor, sensory motor and self-care skills. These areas can be addressed through a variety of intervention strategies, which may include direct therapy with the child, consultation with the teacher, modification of the environment, provision of adaptive equipment, and staff training. School-based OT will be provided only when areas of need directly affect functional performance related to school tasks. School-based OT is not intended to replace clinic-based OT services or therapy needed for medical reasons. The need for this service is determined either by the school's 504 Team or by the Committee on Special Education.
Physical Therapy Services
PT provided in a public school must be related to the educational needs of students with disabilities. The physical therapist assesses students with functional limitations due to a physical disability or other health-related conditions. The assessment is designed to evaluate a student's ability to move throughout the school environment and participate in all aspects of the educational curriculum. Therapeutic interventions are focused on facilitating the development of the student's ability to move parts of the body, assume and maintain postures, organize movement into gross motor skills and build strength and endurance for functional mobility (climbing stairs, moving through the school, accessing the playground, etc.). Various interventions may be used such as seating modification, mobility aides and adaptive equipment designed to make the school environment more accessible. The school-based model includes training, collaboration and consultation with school staff about the activities and accommodations to be implemented. Sevices may be provided individually to a student or in small groups. The need for this service is determined either by the school's 504 Team or by the Committee on Special Education.