Reggio Emilia History
In 1945, after living under fascism for two decades, the citizens of Reggio Emilia, a small city in northern Italy, saw the need to reinvent their education. Educators, parents, and citizens have worked together over the last fifty years to create a public school system that has become a source of innovation and inspiration for educators around the world.
The Reggio Emilia experience is based on European and American progressive pedagogy (Dewey), constructivist and socio-cultural psychologies (Piaget, Vygotsky), Italian left-reform politics, and post-modern philosophies. The Reggio Emilia experience provides teachers with new ways to think about the child as learner, the role of the teacher, the design of the school environment, and curriculum planning.
Educators in Reggio believe that children have the right and the ability to express their thinking, theories, ideas, learning and emotions in many ways. Therefore, Reggio educators provide children with a wide range of materials and media, and welcome a diversity of experiences, so that children encounter many avenues for thinking, revising, constructing, negotiating, developing and symbolically expressing their thoughts and feelings (Loris Malaguzzi).