First Grade Reading Rules
1.) C & G Rule
C + I, E, or Y = /S/
Examples: city, cent, and cycle
G + I, E, or Y = /J/
Examples: giant, gym and gem
2.) /-ck/&/-ke/ rule
A /-ke/ is used at the end of a word that contains a short vowel. Some examples of this are: bake, poke, bike, and Duke.
* A /-ck/ is used at the end of a word that contains a long vowel. Some examples of this are: back, deck, lick and puck.
3.) -DGE RULE
No word in the English language can end in a v or a j
In a short vowel word that ends with the /j/ sound, the ending of -dge is used.
Some examples of this are: pudge, smudge, and fudge.
4.) -TCH RULE
In -a short vowel word ending the /ch/ sound, -tch is used. The T becomes silent, and -tch makes the /ch/ sound. Some examples are" witch, match, catch and pitch.
5.) LFS RULE
If a word ends in a short vowel and if followed by either an l, f or s, you must double the l, f, or s. Examples of this rule are: stiff, bell, and class.