• Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, a dominant figure in twentieth-century Western art, was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain. In painting and sculpting, he was one of the creators and popularizers of the cubist style. Though Picasso was not typically considered political, one of his most celebrated works Guernica memorializes the destruction of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. He died on April 8, 1973.



    It is a sad irony that the most horrific acts of war often lead to the greatest artistic expression. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the peaceful Basque town of Guernica was used for Nazi bombing practice with the approval of General Francesco Franco. Over 100,000 pounds of munitions were dropped, killing more than 2,000 people and destroying 70% of the city. In response, Pablo Picasso painted his masterpiece Guernica, called modern art's most powerful antiwar statement.