• WORLD WAR 2: THE HOMEFRONT E-LESSON # 1B

    THE ARESENAL OF DEMOCRACY: U.S. War Production (part 2)

     

     

    I.  AIM

     HOW DID THE UNITED STATES BECOME AN “ARSENAL OF DEMOCRACY?”  (part 2)

     

     

    WATCH THIS INTRODUCTION FIRST!  

     

    II. SECONDARY SOURCE: ARTICLE

     

    “BECOMING THE ARSENAL OF DEMOCRACY”

    from The National World War 2 Museum

    https://www.nationalww2museum.org/war/articles/becoming-arsenal-democracy

    Read the article and answer the questions. Please provide thorough and well-developed answers using facts and details from the text.   

     

    1.    In 1938, how did income and production in the United States compare to that of Germany, Italy and Japan?    

    2.    What changes in military spending did FDR propose in 1940?  

    3.    Why did FDR reach out to private businesses?  How did he partner with private businesses to meet US military production goals?  

    4.    What did some of the major car companies do to produce items needed for the war? Give specific example of companies and what they produced.

    5.    How did the US meet demands for labor?

    6.    How did FDR ensure that African Americans could work in the war industry?

    7.    How successful was the US in producing for the war? How much did we produce? (give specific examples from the text)

    8.    What lasting effects did the wartime have on the US economy even after the war was over?

     

    III. SECONDARY SOURCE: CHARTS ON US WAR PRODUCTION DURING WORLD WAR 2

    Use the following charts to answer the questions that are underneath each chart.   

    *It’s okay for this section to keep your answers super brief, you don’t have to write in complete sentences (for this section only!) 

    9.     How much more merchant tonnage did the US produce in comparison to all of the other nations combined? 

    10.     Which country produced the most aircraft carriers? Battleships? Destroyers? Submarines?

    11.     How many aircraft carriers did Germany have in World War 2?  How many submarines did they have compared to the other countries?

     

    12.     Which country built the most airplanes? Second most? the least?

    13.     What year did the US produce the most planes?

     

    14.     Which country produced the most tanks?  Second most? Least?

    15.   What year was US tank production the highest?

     

     

    note: munitions - ammo. This includes everything from bullets fired from rifles and machine guns &  aircraft, shells fired from land and naval artillery, and “dumb bombs”.

     

    16.     What year saw the highest increase in munitions production? What year was it at its highest?

    17.    Why did production suddenly drop in 1945?

     

    IV.  PRIMARY SOURCE: WW2 POSTERS   

    Read & observe the following! There are two sets of posters, answer the questions after each set.

     

    SET 1:     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    18.    What is the message of these posters?  What different techniques do they use to try to motivate the reader?   

    19. Which one is your favorite, or do you think is the most effective? 

     

    SET 2:     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

     

     

     20. How do the posters in Set 2 try to motivate war workers to do their part to contribute to the war effort?

     

     

    V.  SUMMARIZING/ REFLECTING ON  THE AIM    

     

    21.  Why do you think FDR referred to the United States as the "Arsenal of Democracy?” How did the United States achieve this to become a world leader in war production?   write a thoughful, well-developed paragraph summarizing the main ideas of this lesson.