WW2 THE PACIFIC: E-LESSON # 8: THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST JAPAN 1944-1945
WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF THE AMERICAN BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST JAPAN?
Tokyo burns during a raid on May 26, 1945. (National Archives)
II. SECONDARY SOURCE. "THE DEADLIEST AIR RAID IN HISTORY" ( from Air and Space Magazine) https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/deadliest-air-raid-history-180954512/ (a PDF of this artile is attached if you can't access the article using the link). answer the folllowing:
1. What did the aerial armada bound for Tokyo consist of (what kind of planes and how many)? Where did the bombers leave from?
2. What did the bombers drop on Tokyo? What kind of damage did it do?
3. What was the firebombing raid codenamed?
4. What new strategies or tactics did they use for this bombing mission?
5. What was it about the construction of the buildings in Tokyo that US planners knew the fires in Tokyo would spread, and burn hot?
6. How much of Tokyo was destroyed in this bombing raid?
7. How many Japanese civilians were casualties of the 9 months of aerial bombing raids against Japan at the end of the war? Of these, how many Japanese civilians were killed?
III. PRIMARY SOURCE: US NEWSREEL FOOTAGE 1945 "M-69 INCINDIERY BOMB"
IV. MAPS & INFOGRAPHICS
INFOGRAPHIC: AMERICAN BOMBER RANGES
I gave you his infographic the other day, but today we'll take more of an in-depth look at it. Study the infographic and answer....
8. Where would bombers leave from on their way to Japan? ? Where would they pass through?
9. Where would American fighter planes (represented by the smaller airplanes in the infographic) leave from on their way to Japan?
10. When was the first incendiary attack/firebombing mission against Tokyo? When was the first mission with fighter esccorts? From what island did those fighter escorts fly from?
11. According to the infographic, how many “sorties” were flown? ( a sortie in this context is a bombing mission. Each airplane would count as one sortie)
MAP: "BOMBING OF JAPAN: EXTENT OF DESTRUCTION BY BOMBING OF PRINCIPAL CITIES".
Study the map. Answer
12. What do the red areas of the map represent?
13. What areas of Japan sustained the most damage?
IV. SUMMARIZE/ REFLECT on the lesson and the AIM: (one paragraph)
14. Before the United States used the atomic bomb, how did they use strategic bombing against Japan in the final few months of World War 2? What was the impact of this bombing campaign?
~THANK YOU FOR COMPLETEING TODAY’S E-LESSON~