WORLD WAR 2: THE PACIFIC THEATER E-LESSON #7
THE BATTLE OF OKINAWA (April 1945)
I. AIM: WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF THE BATTLE OF OKINAWA?
II. SECONDARY SOURCE: “NEXT STOP: OKINAWA” Read the article (see attached click here for NEXT STOP OKINAWA article ) and answer the following
1. Where is Okinawa? Why was it strategically important to the Americans to capture it?
2. What was significant about the invasion fleet? How big was it?
3. What was the Japanese strategy to defend the island? What did the Japanese commander tell his troops?
4. How much resistance did Americans get during initial beach landing and the first few days of the invasion go? When did this change, and how?
5. What was the role of Kamikazes in the Battle of Okinawa?
6. Go back to the third page of the article and read the sidebar on the left” “Kamikazes over Okinawa”.
-What is a Kamikaze?
-Why did Imperial Japan use Kamikazes?
-How effective were they in hitting their targets?
-How many Kamikaze pilots died?
7. When was the Battle of Okinawa? How long did the battle last?
8. What was the percentage of casualties the Battle of Okinawa? What is significant about this number?
III. EDPUZZLE VIDEO THE US ASSAULT ON OKINAWA WAS MET WITH AN ERIE SILENCE ( with Primary Source Footage)
IV. EDPUZZLE VIDEO Watch the Edpuzzle video “THE BATTLE OF OKINAWA: THE BLOODIEST BATTLE OF THE PACIFIC” (contains Primary Source footage of the battle)
https://edpuzzle.com/assignments/5e7924a2049f523fcdfd5710/watch Answer the questions embedded in the video, but also answer:
9. What was significant about the number of casualties of the Battle of Okinawa?
10. What happened in April of 1945 to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt? Who replaced him?
11. What is the significance of the Battle of Okinawa on the American war effort and strategy to try to end the war? In other words, why did the President decide to drop the atomic bomb to end the war instead of invading Japan with ground troops?
V. SUMMARIZE/ REFLECT:
12. What was the outcome and impact of the Battle of Okinawa, not just in terms of casualties but how it affected American strategy at the end of the War?