• WORLD WAR 2: THE PACIFIC THEATER

    E-LESSON #10:  THE ATOMIC ATTACKS AGAINST JAPAN

    Before and after atomic bombs  

    1. AIM:

    HOW DID THE U.S. ATTACK JAPAN WITH ATOMIC WEAPONS?  WHAT WAS THE  IMPACT OF THESE ATTACKS?

     

     

    1. SECONDARY SOURCE (Edpuzzle video) 3min 45 seconds.   (LOG DIRECTLY ONTO EDPUZZLE TO ACCESS AND COMPLETE THIS PORTION)

    “Hiroshima: Dropping the Bomb”

    from the BBC

     

    III. SECONDARY SOURCE

    “Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki: Causes, Impact and Lives Lost”

    from the History Channel

    view the article on History.com with this link: https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki  

     

     

    1. Between mid-April and mid-July of 1945, what was unusual about the number of American casualties in the Pacific theater compared to the first three years of the war?  What did this demonstrate about Japan?
    2. What were the estimates for US forces in a ground invasion of Japan?
    3. Briefly describe the US bombing of Hiroshima.  As part of your description, include  
      • What was the plane that delivered the bomb to Hiroshima?
      • What was the name of the bomb? Where did the plane leave from?
      • Where did the bomb explode?
      • How much damage did it do?
    1. Why did the US decide to drop another Atomic bomb after Hiroshima?   
    2. Briefly describe the bombing of Nagasaki. 
    3. Why if the bomb used against Nagasaki was more powerful that it did less damage?
    4. How soon after the bombing of Nagasaki did Japan surrender? 
    5. What were the casualties from the bombing of Hiroshima? What were the casualties from the bombing of Nagasaki? (tip: check the beginning of the article for this info)

     

     

    1. PRIMARY SOURCE ( Excerpt, below. Read and answer):

     

    “Harry Truman Announcing the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima (1945)”

    Paragraph 1 Sixteen hours ago an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb had more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. It had more than two thousand times the blast power of the British “Grand Slam” which is the largest bomb ever yet used in the history of warfare.

    Paragraph 2  The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet. With this bomb we have now added a new and revolutionary increase in destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces. In their present form these bombs are now in production and even more powerful forms are in development.

    Paragraph 3 It is an atomic bomb. It is a harnessing of the basic power of the universe. The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East.

    Paragraph 4 The battle of the laboratories held fateful risks for us as well as the battles of the air, land, and sea, and we have now won the battle of the laboratories as we have won the other battles.

    Paragraph 5 We are now prepared to obliterate more rapidly and completely every productive enterprise the Japanese have above ground in any city. We shall destroy their docks, their factories, and their communications. Let there be no mistake; we shall completely destroy Japan’s power to make war.

     

    Read excerpt and answer:

    1. How does Truman describe the size of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima? (paragraph 1)
    2. What does Truman say has been added to the US armed forces capacity to fight? What does he plan on

          doing with this new capacity? (paragraph 2)

    1. How does Truman describe the atomic bomb? (paragraph 3)
    2. What do you think Truman means by “the battle of the laboratories?” (paragraph 4)
    3. What does Truman say he’s prepared to do against Japan in order to end the war? (paragraph 5)

     

    1. SECONDARY SOURCE (Edpuzzle video) 4min.  (SCARSDALE STUDENTS LOG ONTO EDPUZZLE TO ACCESS AND COMPLETE THIS PORTION . for the public version of this CLICK HERE  

    “Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki”

    from the BBC

     

    Tomorrow you’ll summarize/ reflect on the AIM in part 2 of the lesson.  In the meantime…

    ~THANK YOU FOR COMPLETEING TODAY’S E-LESSON~