Basketball originated in Springfield, MA in 1891 when a man named James Naismith (1861-1939) was assigned to teach a physical education class.
2 points are scored for a successful basket,
3 points if beyond the 3 point line
1 point for a Foul Shot
In a regulation basketball game, there are 5 players on the court per team.
A point guard is usually responsible for controlling the offense.
The guards are often the shortest players, are fast and can dribble well.
A Center is usually the tallest player and responsible for the area near the basket
A Forward are usually the next tallest players and although they can go under the hoop too, they are responsible for shooting in areas around the corners and wings
“Man-to-Man” defense is referred to when each player guards an opponent
“Zone” Defense is referred to when each player guards an area around their defensive key
“Lane,” “Key,” or “Paint” --The rectangular and often colored area underneath each basket.
3 point line -- A large semi-circle extending out from the baseline and above the key where players can earn 3 points for a successful shot beyond the line
Rebound-- Getting the ball after a missed shot
Traveling-- A player with the ball moves one or more of their feet illegally, usually without dribbling the ball. It is the illegal movement of an established pivot foot.
Carrying or palming -- When a player dribbles the ball with his hand too far to the side of or, sometimes, even under the ball.
Double Dribble -- Dribbling the ball with both hands on the ball at the same time or stopping your dribble and then dribbling again is a double-dribble.
Fouls --Any type of illegal personal contact with an opponent
Hitting, pushing, slapping, holding, illegal pick or screen,
Charging -- An offensive foul occurring when a player pushes or runs into defensive player. The ball is given to the team the foul was committed upon.
Blocking --Blocking is illegal personal contact resulting from a defender not establishing position in time to prevent an opponent's drive to the basket.
Flagrant foul --Violent contact with an opponent. This includes hitting, kicking, and punching. This type of foul results in free throws plus the offense retaining possession of the ball after the free throws.
Intentional foul -- When a player makes physical contact with another player with no reasonable effort to steal the ball. It is a judgment call for the officials.
Technical foul--A player or a coach can commit a technical foul. It generally refers to the etiquette of the game. Foul language, obscenity, obscene gestures, and even arguing can be considered a technical foul, as can other details regarding filling in the scorebook improperly or dunking during warm-ups.
Basic Defensive positioning would be to stay between your opponent and the basket they are trying to score in.
The NCAA men's rules of "closely guarded", a defender must be guarding their opponent who is located in the front court and within six feet of the player. The 5 second count applies to a player who is only holding the ball. Prior to the 2015-16 season, the rule also included players dribbling the ball.
An offensive player is allowed to come into the key or “paint,” the rectangular area beneath the basket, for only 3 seconds maximum before they have to exit again.