• Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in Special Education 

    BIP: Behavioral Intervention Plan
    A BIP is a plan that is based on the results of a functional behavioral assessment and, at a minimum, includes a description of the problem behavior, global and specific hypotheses as to why the problem behavior occurs and intervention strategies that include positive behavioral supports and services to address the behavior.

    Building Level Support Services
    Services such as access to LRC, speech, counseling, or other extra help that are available and provided to non-classified students when appropriate.

    CPSE: Committee on Preschool Special Education
    If you have a child between the ages of 3-5 who has been referred for an evaluation or if you feel your child should be evaluated contact the CPSE Chairperson in the District Office of Special Education.The CPSE meets to review the evaluation and determine whether your child is eligible for pre-school special education services.

    CSE: Committee on Special Education
    The CSE is a multidisciplinary team for students between the ages of 5-21. The CSE meets to discuss the referral and evaluation of your child to determine whether your child is eligible for special education services. If it is determined that your child qualifies for services the CSE will develop and IEP for your child.

    ED: Emotional Disability
    A condition exhibiting one or more of the following conditions over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance. 
    a) an inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory,or health factors;
    b) an inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers or teachers;
    c)Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances;
    d)a general  pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression;
    e)a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

    EI: Early Intervention
    It is provided to children under the age of 3.If you have concerns about your child’s early development contact the Westchester County Department of Health Early Intervention Program.

    FAPE: Free and Appropriate Public Education

    FBA: Functional Behavioral Assessment

    IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    This is a federal law that was enacted to guarantee an education for children with disabilities. The thirteen (13) identified classifications under IDEA for school-aged children are:

    Emotional disturbance
    Hearing impairment
    Learning disability
    Intellectual disability
    Multiple disabilities
    Orthopedic impairment
    Other health impairment
    Speech or language impairment
    Traumatic brain injury
    Visual impairment

    All preschoolers are classified as a "preschooler with a disability." Eligibility is determined by percent delay in one or more areas.

    IEP: Individual Education Plan
    The IEP is an important legal document that provides a summary of your child’s strengths and needs.  It specifies the programs, services, accommodations or modifications to meet those needs and the list of services your child will receive. The IEP is developed at the CPSE or CSE meeting and includes input from the parents.

    LRC: Learning Resource Center

    LRE: Least Restrictive Environment
    The Least Restrictive Environment requirement under the IDEA means that the placement of a student with a disability in special classes, separate schools or other removal from the general education environment occurs only when the nature or severity of the disability is such that even with the use of supplementary aids and services, education cannot be satisfactorily achieved. The placement of a student with a disability in the least restrictive environment shall:
    • Provide the special education needed by the student
    • Provide for education of the student to the maximum extent appropriate to the needs of the student with other students who do not have disabilities
    • Be as close as possible to the student’s home 
    OT: Occupational Therapy

    Parent Member
    The parent member is an additional parent of a student with a disability (or one who has been declassified or graduated within the previous 5 years) residing in the school district or a neighboring school district.  Parent members receive training and their role is to bring another perspective as a parent of a child with a disability to the discussions and decision-making process.  The parent members are available to help the family understand and participate in the meeting by explaining procedures, asking questions, or seeking clarifying information.  Parent members are bound by rules of confidentiality.  Parent members are not the same as a parent advocate or attorney.  Until recent changes in the law, the parent member used to be required at a full CPSE or CSE committee unless waived by the family.  Currently, families still have a right to a parent member at the committee and must request the appointment of one in writing at least 72 hours prior to the meeting.  Independent of the parent member, families may bring another parent or friend or relative for support at a CPSE or CSE meeting.

    PLP or PLOP
    Present levels of performance
    PT: Physical Therapy

    RTI: Response to Intervention
    Small group instruction to students, including those who are not classified, who are struggling with mainstream academics and are performing below district standards.

    Section 504: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    This refers to a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against an individual with a disability and ensures equal access to education for a child with a disability.  Children who qualify can obtain accommodations or modifications in school for impairments that restrict one or more major life activities.  A 504 plan is not an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for students having a special education classification.
    SED: State Education Department

    SEIT: Special Education Itinerant Teacher

    SLP: Speech and Language Pathologist